A good dependency injection container is a godsend when it comes to managing the dependency tree of even a moderately complex domain model. As such, it comes as no surprise there has been much discussion about them of late in the PHP and Zend Framework communities.
Based on the Yadif and Benjamin Eberlei’s recent look at Using a Dependency Injection Container with Zend_Application, where he replaces Zend_Applications default container instance (A Zend_Registry instance) with a Yadif_Container, I have created a Zend_Application_Resource to allow configuration based injection of dependencies into the container via the normal ZF configuration file (application.ini)
The container resource copies any already instantiated objects from the old container into the new one, then replaces the default container.
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I’ve also created a simple action helper to allow easy grabbing of resources from the action controllers. Both reside in my extensions repository.
To use the container resource you will need to add the prefix and path to the bootstrappers plugin loader:
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Then you can add the resources and their dependencies via the normal configuration system. This means adding lines like:
resources.container.objects.Log.class = "Zend_Log" resources.container.objects.Log.arguments.0 = "Log_Writer" resources.container.objects.Log_Writer.class = "Zend_Log_Writer_Stream" resources.container.objects.Log_Writer.arguments.0 = "%Log_Writer.stream%" resources.container.options.Log_Writer.stream = APPLICATION_PATH "/../log/application.log"
There are 2 resources defined here, the “Log” and the “Log_Writer”.
Log is an instance of Zend_Log and takes a Log_Writer resource as the first (and only) argument to its constructor.
The Log_Writer resource is an instance of Zend_Log_Writer_Stream and takes a scalar as its only argument. The scalar value is defined in the container option specified.
Now, the controller can write a log like this.
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While this is a simple example, it can be really beneficial when working with, for example, a service layer. The service you need might depend on another service, both of which may depend on an Authorization service. All the services depend on their data mappers (which themselves depends on a database connection) and their entity factories, etc. Instantiating a dependency tree like this for every object you need can lead to duplicate and hard to modify code. Dependency injection coupled with a good container can provide highly versatile code whose behaviour can be drastically changed by only modifying a configuration file.